Gender gap in earnings in Vietnam: why do Vietnamese women work in lower paid occupations?

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Differences in earnings between male and female workers persist in developed and developing countries despite a narrowing of gender gaps in educational attainment over the past half-century. This paper examines the gender wage gap in Vietnam and shows that a nontrivial part of the gap is associated with occupational sorting. The paper considers three explanations for why occupational sorting emerges. First, it explores whether women sort into occupations with better nonmonetary characteristics, such as paid leave and shorter hours. The data from Labor Force Surveys support this...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Gender; Income; Employment

Keywords: Wage rate; Wage differential; Employment pattern; Decision making; Conditions of employment; Work life balance

Geographic subjects: Vietnam; Asia

Published: Washington, District of Columbia: World Bank, 2018

Physical description: 38 p.

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Resource type: Working paper

Call number: TD/TNC 132.521

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